Last updated on September 25th, 2020
Blackness Castle in West Lothian, near Edinburgh
Blackness Castle is a formidable 15th-century castle that stands on the shores of the Firth of Forth in West Lothian, Scotland.
Category: Castle, Military
Suitable for ages: 5 to 10 years, 11 to 18 years, 18+ years, 65+ years
Ideal for: Couples, Families, Groups, Solo travellers
I rate it: 8 out of 10
About Blackness Castle
The area around Edinburgh is rich in history (as you’d expect from a city that’s been the capital city of Scotland since 1437) and there are more castles in the region than most others in Scotland.
While many visitors head straight to Edinburgh Castle for their dose of Scottish nostalgia, there’s another fortification nearby that’s equally interesting and has an (arguably) even better view from its ramparts.
The castle in question is Blackness, located close to the historic town of Linlithgow on the southern banks of the Firth of Forth.
The Forth, if you didn’t already know, is an expansive estuary that bisects the south-east of Scotland from the North Sea to 55 miles inland, with its vast mouth between Edinburgh and Fife linked by the three monumental engineering feats of the Forth Bridges.
The estuary feeds into the very heart of Scotland so capturing it would have allowed invading armies easy access to Scotland’s biggest cities – which is one of the reasons why the powerful Crichton family decided to build such a heavily defended fortress between the Royal palaces at Linlithgow and Edinburgh over 600 years ago.
It certainly would have been almost impossible to siege the place back in the 1400s, and the massive size of Blackness’s fortifications are still impressive to this day.
Stand in the courtyard and you’ll see huge walls looming overhead that are up to 5 metres thick in places, with virtually no openings save for the artillery gun holes in the curtain wall and the crenellated turrets in the corners. Coupled with the sheer-sided walls that project into the water, Blackness Castle is a hulking mass of masonry.
The castle’s unusual pointed shape lead to it gaining the nickname ‘the ship that never sailed’ due to the curtain walls nearest the Forth looking just like a ship when viewed from a distance, and even the big tower inside is called the ‘mainmast’.
This is one ship that saw more than its fair share of war over the centuries, withstanding sieges and blockades right up to the end of Mary Queen of Scots rule, until being left almost completely in ruin by the forces of Oliver Cromwell during the War of Three Kingdoms in 1650.
However, while many castles in this era were abandoned, Blackness Castle was fully repaired and even expanded following the restoration of Charles II to the throne, and the following 200 years saw its complete return to glory both as a prison and as an ammunition depot.
This later function lead to new garrison buildings being built on two sides of the castle with a large courtyard in the middle, and it served the British Army right up until WWI – which is impressive for a 600-year-old building.
But as with most of Scotland’s castles, it was eventually abandoned and was handed over to the Ministry of Works at the end of the First World War before passing into the care of Historic Environment Scotland (HES) who today maintain the site as a historic tourist attraction.
Read on to find out what it’s like to visit this ancient military fortress.
Things to do at Blackness Castle
I have to say I really enjoy visiting this castle whatever time of year it is. I think that’s down to the fact that it’s so close to the city that you can easily visit both Edinburgh and Blackness Castle in the same day, but it’s also close enough to the Royal Burgh of Linlithgow so you could (in a pinch) also fit in a visit to the former royal palace as well.
It’s not just the imposing size of Blackness Castle that makes it such a great tourist attraction, and tourists will be equally well rewarded by taking the time to explore the banks of the southern shore of the Firth of Forth during their visit.
My advice before entering the castle is to climb the hill towards the back of the main entrance and take a good look at the panoramic view that opens out in front of you. To the west is the Forth winding its way inland, to the north are the fields and hills of the Kingdom of Fife, and to the east lies Edinburgh with the famous Forth Bridges dominating the horizon.
A wide, sweeping bay lies to the south ringed by woodlands that are practically begging you to slip your boots on to go for a hike – which you can easily do thanks to the fact that the John Muir Way circles around this section of coastline on its way to South Queensferry and Bo’ness.
This stunning location is the perfect setting for a majestic castle and luckily for visitors the Scheduled Ancient Monument of Blackness Castle doesn’t disappoint.
If you’re coming here by car you’ll find a small car park in Blackness village a couple of hundred yards away but there’s a much more accessible parking area right next to the ticket office if you get there early enough or it’s out of season (note that it gets pretty busy in summer).
The HES office is located in the old garrison building and you’ll find a small gift shop inside along with toilets, but I feel they’ve missed an opportunity by not opening up the rest of the building to tourists.
Likewise, the old officers building opposite is off-limits as well, and a peek through the window shows that it’s derelict inside so I can only hope HES have plans to restore it in the future. I’d love to explore those old corridors, but maybe that’s something to look forward to in the near future.
The castle entrance is a short distance away on the other side of the courtyard, but before heading inside I recommend you take a wander down the grassy area on the outer walls. You’ll get a great view along the Forth in both directions in this area and there are picnic benches there if you fancy a packed lunch with a gorgeous waterside view.
After filling your lungs with all that salty air you’ll probably feel like getting on to the main event, so head inside the perimeter walls via the entrance next to the abandoned officer’s accommodation.
Once inside the castle walls you’ll find pretty much every inch of the place is open to explore, from the mighty outer walls with their elevated walkways to the defensive towers and their rooftop lookout posts.
It’s an enjoyable experience whether you’ve any interest in history or not but I think kids will especially like exploring the myriad nooks and crannies that this castle offers.
There are information boards throughout the site so you can read all about the castle’s history if you like but I personally just like to roam about and soak up the atmosphere of the place, which Blackness has in spades.
The outer walls lead out from the entrance to the tower that forms the ‘bow’ of the ‘ship that never sailed’ and from here you can climb to the lookout post to admire the view before descending into the gloomy old prison.
Following the walkway from the prison leads you onto the eastern side of the castle where you’ll head inside the main part of the fortress to wander around the many rooms that at one time formed the lordly residence of the Crichton family.
There’s not a huge amount to do inside this part of the castle to be honest but HES frequently stage exhibitions inside so it might be worth checking their website before deciding to visit to see if they’ve got anything on.
If not you’ll spend no more than half an hour in the inner buildings before stepping into the inner courtyard where you’ll find a very rocky area and the main tower.
The tower is actually pretty impressive thanks to its size, but for me, the highlight of this part of the castle is taking the winding staircase to the top and looking out over the Forth from the upper ramparts.
What a view up there! It’s stunning – there’s no other word for it – and it’s a great place to view the mudflats on the eastern side of the castle that are a Site of Special Scientific Interest. There are loads of birds living in this small area so take your binoculars or a camera with a decent zoom if you’re a bit of a bird spotter.
The final part of a visit to Blackness Castle is walking down the short pier that was used for loading munitions in the 1800s and taking a close-up look at the estuary. You’ll see the castle from the angle that makes it look like a ship at the end of the pier and it’s a good way to appreciate the size of the place.
I’d say a visit for a family will take a good couple of hours if you’ve got kids that like to zoom about, but plan longer if you like reading all the information panels.
In my opinion this really is a top historic attraction, and it’s one that fully deserves a visit alongside Edinburgh Castle.
If you’d like to explore more Scottish castles read my Guide to the Best Castles to Visit in Scotland.
- You’ll get some of the best views of the Firth of Forth from the top of the main tower.
- It’s close enough to Edinburgh Castle that you can visit both in one day.
- There are frequent exhibitions held in the castle – and HES have their own interesting displays as well.
- Visit Linlithgow Palace after the castle as it’s only 15 minutes away by car.
- There are picnic benches outside the castle. What a view to enjoy that cheese sarnie with!
- You’ll get free entry if you get a HES explorer pass – search for Historic Environment Scotland in the Viator advert below.
Photos and video
Address and map
Click the map for directions
Tickets and opening times
- 1 Apr to 30 Sept: Daily, 9.30 am to 5.30 pm. Last entry at 5 pm
- 1 Oct to 31 Mar: Daily, 10 am to 4 pm. Last entry at 3.30 pm
Telephone: 01506 834 807
Website: Historic Environment Scotland
Getting there: Car park on-site
Getting around: Disabled access, Easy-access paths, Pushchair access – outside the castle. Stairs, Uneven paths – inside the castle
On-site conveniences: Gift shop, Hot drinks, Picnic area, Snacks, Toilets