Last updated on September 25th, 2020
Dirleton Castle in East Lothian
Dirleton Castle in East Lothian served three Scottish noble familes for more than 400 years and is famous for having the world’s longest herbaceous border.
Category: Castle, Gardens
Suitable for ages: 0 to 10 years, 11 to 18 years, 18+ years, 65+ years
Ideal for: Couples, Families, Groups, Solo travellers
I rate it: 7 out of 10
About Dirleton Castle
Dirleton Castle is a medieval fortress in East Lothian that you’ve probably never heard of, and yet it offers a fascinating glimpse into Scotland’s past that’s certainly worthy of a visit if you’ve got any interest in historic sites.
Located in the pretty village of Dirleton, the castle has been the focal point of the surrounding area since its construction in the mid-13th-century and during that time it’s served as the family home to three successive noble Scots families.
Make no mistake this is a historic site that’s well worth seeing, not only for the entrance towers which are some of the oldest of their type in Scotland, but also for the enormous gardens that house what is officially the longest herbaceous border in the world. I think it’s safe to say this is one attraction that’s full of surprises.
Your journey begins with a very peaceful walk through the trees of the Dirleton estate where meandering paths take you through impeccably maintained flowerbeds and lawns before reaching the imposing curtain walls of the castle, perched on top of a huge rock outcrop that must have made it an almost impenetrable fortress 800 years ago.
Although much of the fortified building is in ruins it’s still an impressive place to walk around, and there are enough interesting features throughout the site that you’ll easily be able to spend a couple of hours exploring what’s on offer.
Extra points have to be awarded to this historic attraction for its location too, and you’ll find a visit there can be easily combined with some of the best places to visit in East Lothian.
The glorious Yellowcraig beach is just a couple of miles away where you’ll find a wide sweeping arc of sand that’s perfect for a sunny afternoon BBQ and part of the John Muir Way runs behind it so you can head out for a really good walk if you want to explore a bit more of the coastline.
North Berwick is nearby as well (no more than 10-minutes by car) so you can explore the artisan shops and cafes that the town has to offer after a visit to Dirleton, or you can head a little further east to explore the dramatic Tantallon Castle and Seacliffe beach.
All in all I think Dirleton Castle has a lot more to offer than you might think at first glance, and if you want to learn more about this fascinating East Lothian fortification continue reading the next section.
Things to do at Dirleton Castle
There’s actually loads to see at Dirleton Castle, which is surprising as it’s one of Historic Environment Scotland’s lesser-known sites.
First there’s the castle itself, an impressive 13th-century fort that contains a great hall (now roofless and open to the elements) with its huge stone buffet, a large dome-roofed vault below, the two enormous towers, an equally enormous dovecot that at one time housed over 1000 pigeons(!), and possibly the nicest landscaped gardens I’ve ever come across at a historic site.
In fact, many people come to Dirleton just to enjoy the gardens, and to be honest who can blame them? It really is a very peaceful place, especially on a summer day when the borders of flowers are in full bloom, and as it’s relatively tourist-free it makes a great place to stop off for a picnic after a visit to nearby North Berwick.
As always with HES sites there are plenty of information boards so adults can learn a few new things about the history of the castle and it’s a brilliant place to let the kids off the leash for an impromptu game of hide and seek.
And while there isn’t a whole lot to do in Dirleton village you can at least head 2 miles up the road to North Berwick to enjoy its shops, cafe’s, and beaches. All-in-all Dirleton Castle is an unexpected gem of an attraction.
The history of Dirleton Castle
Dirleton Castle was originally built as the family home of the de Vaux family in the early 1200’s, and it was at this time that the imposing towers that dominate the castle entrance were constructed.
Though originally from France, the de Vaux family were greatly favoured by King David I of Scotland who gave them the barony of Dirleton along with a considerable amount of land.
Unfortunately for the de Vaux’s their time in power came to an abrupt end during the Wars of Scottish Independence, and after Dirleton Castle succumbed to the siege engines of English forces the de Vaux’s were forced to give up their new home.
Dirleton passed in and out of Scottish and English ownership several times before being handed to the Haliburton family, who subsequently became extremely powerful thanks to an act of bravery by Sir Walter Haliburton in the 1420s.
At the time King James I had been captured by the English, and Sir Walter offered himself as a hostage in order for the Scots king to be freed. On his release he was rewarded by being made Treasurer of Scotland by the grateful king.
The riches that this role brought to the Haliburton family enabled them to extend Dirleton Castle extensively, with the original towers being heightened and a new gatehouse, hall, and tower house being added shortly after.
Although the Haliburton’s were wealthy, their riches were slowly spread out amongst other families when Patrick Haliburton died in 1505 due to the fact that there were no sons in the family to pass his inheritance to, only daughters.
The eldest daughter, Janet, married the 2nd Lord Ruthven in 1515, and so Dirleton Castle, along with the lordship of Dirleton, passed over to the Ruthven family.
Unfortunately for the Ruthven’s they were later embroiled in a conspiracy that led to the castle being forcibly given to yet another Scottish family in the early 1600s, when Patrick Ruthven joined the group that murdered the private secretary of Mary Queen of Scots.
Although he was pardoned for his involvement with that murder, Patrick is believed to have been part of a later assassination attempt on King James VI by his sons, John and Alexander.
The assassination failed and Dirleton Castle was yet again forcibly taken from its owners, and for the next three hundred years it passed in and out of the ownership of various wealthy Scots.
During this time the grounds were extensively landscaped and the castle became more of a centrepiece for the gardens than a family home, and with the last private owner moving into the nearby Archerfield estate in the late 1600s, Dirleton Castle was allowed to fall into ruin, until it finally passed into state care in 1923.
Discover more fortifications in Scotland with my Guide to the Best Scottish Castles.
- It’s got a long and interesting history to discover.
- The gardens are beautiful, especially the famous flower border.
- It’s pretty much tourist-free, yet it’s also close to the coastal town of North Berwick.
- After a visit to the castle I recommend you head down to nearby Yellowcraig beach for a walk along the sand dunes or head into North Berwick for amazing views from the top of Berwick Law.
- …or you can visit the National Musuem of Flight which is about a 15-minute drive away.
Photos and video
Address and map
Tickets and opening times
Special offer! Click this affiliate link to purchase a Historic Environment Scotland Explorer Pass from Viator. Your 5-day or 14-day pass allows free entry to more than 77 castles, cathedrals, distilleries and more throughout Scotland.
- 1 Apr to 30 Sept: Daily, 9.30am to 5.30pm. Last entry 5pm
- 1 Oct to 31 Mar: Daily, 10am to 4pm. Last entry 3.30pm
- Telephone: 01620 850 330
- email: NA
- Website: Historic Environment Scotland
Getting there: Car park on-site
Getting around: Easy-access paths, Disabled access, Pushchair access
On-site conveniences: Gift shop, Hot drinks, Picnic area, Snacks, Toilets