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The Edinburgh Fringe Festival is the largest multi-arts festival in the world. The event is held at various venues throughout the city for three weeks in August every year.
Discover exactly what it’s like to visit Scotland’s biggest event in this complete guide which includes an overview and handy visiting advice.
Discover more places to visit with the Ultimate Tourist Map of Scotland
About the Edinburgh Fringe Festival
Edinburgh is home to the world’s biggest annual multi-arts event which has been running consecutively since its inception in 1947.
Originally created as an alternative to the already-popular Edinburgh International Festival, the Fringe has grown in strength each year to the point where the annual figures can only be described as astonishing.
Over 25 days there’s an average 50,000 performances of more than 3,500 different shows, held in over 300 different venues which are enjoyed by upwards of half a million visitors. An incredible 3 million tickets were purchased in 2019 with the total ticket sales amounting to a whopping £4 million.
The Fringe is an absolute riot of colour and sound and you’d need a fun-bypass to not enjoy yourself at the event. A combination of street artists and paid venues create an absolutely electric atmosphere and you’ll find all age groups from 8 to 80 enjoying the shows on offer.
One thing to be aware of if you’ve never been before is that some of the shows are a bit hit-or-miss so you never know what the quality is going to be like until you’re actually sat in the audience, but to my mind it’s all part of the fun, and being able to watch emerging talent is what makes The Fringe such a special event.
Visiting the Edinburgh Fringe Festival
While there have been some complaints in recent years that the festival is becoming too commercial with rapidly skyrocketing ticket prices, there’s been a recent movement by many performers to provide free shows such as those held along the main streets of The Royal Mile, as well as ‘pay what you want’ shows where attendees are simply asked to make a donation of their choice at the end of the performance.
One of the reasons the festival continues to be so popular is that unlike many similar events there’s no selection committee to decide which acts can or can’t be shown, so anyone with any type of artistic skill can participate in either paid or unpaid events. This has led to many performers getting their first big break in Edinburgh before moving on to nationwide stardom.
Art in all its forms can be found at this event with categories including theatre, comedy, dance, circus, cabaret, music, opera and spoken word performed by a variety of artists from complete amateur beginners to world-famous professionals.
Notable performers who’ve had their big breaks at the Edinburgh Fringe include Rowan Atkinson, Eddie Izzard, Tim Minchin and Billy Connolly, while big stars like Ricky Gervais, Mike Myers and Steve Coogan have also had their time on stage.
Although events are held all over the city during Fringe month, there are four main venues that are big enough to hold the tens of thousands of visitors who descend on the city in August.
These are the Assembly Hall on The Mound, The Gilded Baloon in Bristo Square, The Pleasance located at both The Pleasance and Bristo Square, and Underbelly which is situated on both George Square and in The Cowgate.
But not all acts are held in traditional venues and there have been performances held in swimming pools, public toilets and even in the performers own homes! Veteran Fringe-goers are wise enough to check out the EdFringe website before leaving home to decide which shows to see and where to see them.
Top-Tip: If you’re in Edinburgh check out the Half-Price Hut outside the National Gallery before you buy your ticket as you’ll often find 2-for-1 shows when they’re trying to drum up a bigger audience. With some full-price tickets costing around £20 per person it’s one of the few chances you’ll get to shave a few quid off the cost of attending the festival.
Discover more places to visit in the Edinburgh with: The Best Places to Visit in Edinburgh – Ultimate Visitor Guide.
- The cream of the UK’s artistic talent can be seen at the Fringe – but so can the dregs. But then that’s all part of the fun of the thing.
- Many of the shows are free. Check out The Royal Mile for an almost constant stream of street artists.
- The atmosphere is always amazing at the Fringe. It’s very family-friendly.
- Go to the Half-Price Hut near the National Art Gallery on Princes Street to find cheap and 2-for-1 tickets (you can’t buy them online).
- Book your accommodation well in advance. Edinburgh’s hotels sell out quickly during the festival.
- The Fringe isn’t the only big summer event that happens in Edinburgh. The Royal Highland Show is Scotland’s biggest farming and agricultural show and has been staged every year in the city since 1822. I’ve been many times I can thoroughly recommend it for families and couples alike.
Directions to Fringe festival venues
Performances are held at various venues throughout the city. Contact each venue for address details.
- The Cowgate
- The Mound
- George Square
- The Pleasance
- Bristo Square
Click map for directions
Explore this area with a detailed paper map from Ordnance Survey:
Edinburgh – 350 Explorer.
Edinburgh – 66 Landranger.
OS Explorer Maps: Best for walking, mountain biking, and finding footpaths. 1:25,000 scale (4cm = 1km in real world). Buy OS Explorer Maps direct from Ordnance Survey.
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Edinburgh has a world-leading bus and tram network thanks to the services provided by Lothian buses, with cheap public transport available on clean, well-maintained vehicles.
The bus network extends right through Edinburgh and out to the surrounding areas, while the trams provide a fast mode of transport from over 14km from the airport into the city centre.
Visit Transport For Edinburgh for more information on Edinburgh’s Trams and buses or download the Transport for Edinburgh App. To help you find your way around the bus network more quickly you can get real-time information on the web and on your smartphone.
To find out when your bus is due go to:
Cheap Edinburgh accommodation
- Kick-Ass Hostels in Edinburgh offer fun and friendly mixed and female-only dorms in the centre of the city with views looking out across to Edinburgh Castle. Rooms in a mixed dorm can be had for only £18 while a private twin room costs around £50 per night.
- High Street Hostel is located less than a mile from the city centre and is the city’s original backpackers hostel. Close to all the attractions of Edinburgh, High Street Hostel features a great social room and has prices starting at £10 for a bed in a mixed dorm room.
- Edinburgh Backpackers Hostel has over 150 beds in dormitories and double, twin and single rooms less than a mile from the city centre across four separate buildings. A basic single private room can be had for as little as £25 depending on the time of year you visit.
- St. Christopher’s Edinburgh is a hostel nestled right in the heart of the Old Town and features free Wi-Fi, free breakfast and free city walking tours. There’s an on-site bar and bistro, and prices for a bed in a mixed dorm start at a reasonable £13 per night.
- Cowgate Tourist Hostel is one of the few 2-star hostels in the city and has a selection of mixed dorms and private rooms. Located in the Cowgate area in the heart of Edinburgh, prices for a budget twin room start at around £50 for 1 night.
Accommodation near Edinburgh city centre
- Mercure Edinburgh City. 0 miles.
- Le Monde Hotel. 0.1 miles.
- Motel One Edinburgh. 0.1 miles.
- St. Christopher’s Edinburgh Old Town. 0.1 miles.
- Market Street Hotel. 0.1 miles.
FAQ’s about the Edinburgh Fringe
How do I get to Edinburgh?
Why is it called the Edinburgh Fringe?
Before the Fringe became the world’s biggest arts festival, Edinburgh staged the Edinburgh International Festival. In 1947, 8 theatre companies arrived at the EIF uninvited and decided to stage their own event on the outskirts of the official festival, otherwise known as the EIF’s ‘fringe’.
When the theatre companies returned in following years the name ‘fringe’ stuck. Today, Edinburgh’s Fringe Festival showcases more than 55,000 performances of over 3,500 different shows in 300+ venues.
What happens at the Edinburgh Fringe?
The Edinburgh Fringe is the world’s largest and most diverse celebration of art and culture. The event is held annually in August throughout Edinburgh and attracts artists and visitors from across the globe. Events include traditional and modern dance, music, comedy, magic, circus, and many other art forms.
How expensive is Edinburgh Fringe?
Prices for tickets for the Edinburgh Fringe vary, with some shows selling tickets for around £5 per adult and others selling tickets at £25+ per adult. The price increases dramatically if the artist is well known or has been successful at the Fringe in previous years.
It is possible to see some shows for free (especially street shows on The Royal Mile) which usually ask for a donation at the end. Some shows held inside venues are voluntary donation only.
Paid shows are often cheaper a few hours before the show is due to be held – see the Half Price Hut in Princes Street for updates.
Food and drink at venues during the Fringe is generally 10-20% more expensive than at other times of the year.
Expect to pay around £100 per adult for a full day and evening of shows at the Edinburgh Fringe, plus another £30+ for food and drinks.
More places to visit in Edinburgh
- Cramond Island Visitor GuideSituated just over 3/4 of a mile into the Firth of Forth, Cramond Island is a tidal landmass located close the village of Cramond near Edinburgh.
- The Scotch Whisky Experience Visitor GuideIf you’re embarking on a visit to Edinburgh then your trip won’t be complete without a visit to The Scotch Whisky Experience, located just a short walk from Edinburgh Castle Esplanade on the Royal Mile.
- Royal Yacht Britannia Visitor GuideThe Royal Yacht Britannia is the former royal yacht of HM Queen Elizabeth II which now takes pride of place at the Ocean Terminal shopping centre at Leith in Edinburgh. Over the course of her working life Britannia was the official residence of the Royal Family and sailed over one million miles around the world.
- Scott Monument Visitor GuideIn the centre of Princes Street gardens, not far from Waverley train station, stands one of the grandest man-made landmarks in Europe – the 200-foot tall Scott Monument.