Last updated on February 20th, 2021
The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh features over 70 acres of beautifully landscaped gardens housing 100,000 plants just one mile from the city centre.
Review of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
One of the best botanic gardens in the UK is located in Edinburgh, and a short bus ride from the city centre will allow you to explore over 13,000 different plant species in the most beautifully landscaped and manicured grounds you’re ever likely to see.
Founded in 1670, the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) is the second oldest botanic garden in Britain, with only the Oxford Botanic Garden beating it for age.
However, the garden in Edinburgh boasts the most diverse collections of plants anywhere in the country, and across its 70 acres of land you’ll find yourself transported all over the world, from the low-lying mosses that live on Peruvian mountains to the dense green vegetation of the Brazilian jungles.
As a place to relax away from the busy city centre the gardens are only equalled by the Water of Leith for peace and quiet, and you’ll always find Edinburgh locals wandering through the grounds enjoying the serenity of the varied plant life.
For tourists, the facilities available easily match those found at any other Edinburgh attraction, with cafes, a restaurant, snack stations, a gift shop, and an information centre catering to the needs of visitors of all ages.
Things to do at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Due to their immense size the gardens can be entered via several different gatehouses so you’d be wise to pick up a map at the visitor centre to get your bearings at the start of your visit.
Unfortunately, many tourists fail to allocate enough time to fully appreciate the gardens but this is a mistake in my opinion as the Botanics easily equal Edinburgh Castle and the Royal Mile as one of the city’s premier tourist attractions.
The gardens themselves are divided into regions of the world which all flow seamlessly into one another, so walking from alpine rockeries into a Chinese hillside garden seems completely natural.
Speaking of which, those are two of the specialist gardens which have gained a small amount of fame in the world’s plant-growing community thanks to the huge variety of specimens growing in them (and the hillside garden is also my favourite area in the RBGE because it’s got a mesmerizing waterfall cascading through it).
If you want to see the majority of Scotland’s wild plant life in a short amount of time then a walk around the Scottish heather garden is a must, and children will delight in exploring the abandoned croft and moss-covered trees that enclose the area. You’ll even find a small loch nearby for that authentic Highland experience!
Although the gardens are free to enter it’s well worth paying the entrance fee to get into the premier attraction of the RBGE, which is the incredible jungle that lives inside the enormous glasshouses.
These glasshouses contain some of the oldest plants in the entire collection, as well as some of the largest, which makes for a fascinating walk as you appreciate the 3000 exotic plants which have been sourced from all over the world.
Other highlights include a woodland garden, a tree collection, a Rhododendron collection, alpine houses and a botanic cottage (which is used for education and community sessions), while the visitor centre houses exhibitions that change on a regular basis.
In recent years the RBGE has developed into a world leader for the conservation of plants and currently holds 4% of all known species from across the globe, either in the main garden at Inverleith or the three smaller conservation centres at Dawyck, Logan and Benmore.
In addition, the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh holds Scotland’s national reference collection for horticultural resources, and over 70,000 books are held for the use of international researchers.
It’s difficult to rate Edinburgh’s Botanic Garden highly enough, but If you’re looking for a break from busy city life then all I can say is it’s a must-visit attraction.
If you want more Edinburgh sightseeing ideas check out my Edinburgh articles.
The history of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
As previously mentioned, Edinburgh’s Botanic Gardens has its roots (no pun intended!) dating all the way back to 1670 when Sir Patrick Murray donated his private plant collection to the city for preservation after his death. These plants along with other donations subsequently formed the basis of a leisure garden in Holyrood Abbey.
Before long this site proved to be too small for the ever-expanding collection so it was eventually moved to an area of ground to the east of the Nor Loch, in what’s now known as Princes Street Gardens.
A third location was developed at Leith Walk in the 1700s in an attempt to move the plant collection away from the pollution of the city centre, and there it remained until it was finally relocated to nearby Inverleith Row.
- The gardens are enormous and there are loads of plant varieties to look at.
- The glasshouses are great. Being inside them is like being transported to another country.
- The gardens are completely free to visit.
- The cafe’s and restaurant are a little pricey so consider taking a picnic.
- There’s a fee to get into the glasshouses so take some spare change.
- There aren’t many designated parking spaces so prepare to find a space on the road.
Things to do near the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
- The Water of Leith. Inverleith Terrace, Edinburgh EH3 5NU. 8-minute walk. A walkway that runs for 12 miles from the Colzium Hills outside of Edinburgh to Leith. The majority of the path is set on quiet pavement that runs alongside the river. Much loved by locals for its wildlife.
- Dean Village. Dean Path, Edinburgh EH4 3AY. 27-minute walk. Dean Village is a historic area in Edinburgh that was built around the long-since-abandoned mills that were powered by the water of Leith two hundred years ago. Today, the attractive buildings and scenic river provide a wonderful photo opportunity for visiting tourists.
- Warriston Path. Edinburgh EH3 5JX. 7-minute walk. A disused railway line gives visitors to Edinburgh a picturesque walk from King George V Park all the way to Leith. It is split into Warriston, Goldenacre and Trinity sections, with Warriston being the closest to the botanic gardens.
- The Georgian House. 7 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR. 27-minute walk. This authentic Georgian house is managed by the National Trust for Scotland who has restored each room to look exactly as it would have in the 18th-century. The historic attraction offers fine paintings, costumes and furnishings to view on a self-guided tour.
- The Scotch Malt Whisky Society. 28 Queen St, Edinburgh EH2 1JX. 25-minute walk. There are two venues for the SMWS in Edinburgh – The Vaults in Leith and Queen Street in the city centre. The Queen Street site offers one of the biggest single malt whisky collections in Scotland as well as a superb restaurant and private tasting rooms.
Address and map
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh,
Tickets and opening times
Glasshouses admission: See the RBGE website.
Garden entry: Free
- Open Daily: 10:00 to 16:00, except:
- Oct and Feb: 10:00 to 17:00
- Mar-Sep: 10:00 to 18:00
- Closed: 25 December and 1 January.
- Telephone: +44 (0) 131 248 2909
- email: Edinburgh Botanic Garden contact form
- Website: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh official website
Photos and video
More places to visit in Edinburgh
- The Balmoral Hotel in Edinburgh: The Complete Visitor GuideThe Balmoral Hotel is a historic building situated in the heart of Princes Street in Edinburgh, Scotland. The luxury hotel is located next to Waverley train station and was built in 1902 by the North British Railway Company. Today, it is a popular landmark that attracts visitors to its superb restaurants and bars.
- Real Mary King’s Close in Edinburgh: The Complete Visitor GuideThe Real Mary King’s Close is a tourist attraction located in the middle of Edinburgh’s historic Royal Mile. The attraction allows visitors to step beneath the streets of Edinburgh into an underground labyrinth where the stories of the city’s past residents unfold through a series of exhibits and displays.
- St. Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh: The Complete Visitor GuideSt. Giles Cathedral has been a focal point for religious activity in Edinburgh for over 900 years, although the present structure that we see today can trace its roots back to the 14th century. Due to its central location on The Royal Mile, St. Giles has become a popular tourist attraction and is an ideal stop-off point between excursions to the palace and the castle.
- The Grassmarket in Edinburgh: The Complete Visitor GuideEdinburgh’s Grassmarket is a bustling square in the heart of the city’s Old Town. This historic site is surrounded by classic tenement buildings that line the roads along the iconic West Bow and Victoria Street but it’s best known for the lively pubs and restaurants that offer superb outside seating areas. The Grassmarket is one of the oldest parts of Edinburgh and it was originally used as a marketplace for horses and cattle.
- Leith in Edinburgh: The Complete Visitor GuideLeith is a historic district of Edinburgh that centres around the Water of Leith, Leith harbour, and the restaurant-packed Shore. The district has a rich maritime history but it is now a popular tourist destination thanks to its combination of trendy bars, award winning restaurants, superb shopping areas and attractions including the Royal Yacht Britannia.