Cramond Island is a tidal island in the Firth of Forth near Edinburgh that is reached via a long walkway formed from the remains of a WWII anti-tank barricade. The island is mostly covered in grassland, although there are a couple of small beach areas on the side facing Cramond village.
Review of Cramond Island
Cramond Island is located near the village of Cramond in Edinburgh, around 3/4 of a mile inside the Firth of Forth.
Access to the island is via a causeway that leads from the village along a WWII anti-tank barricade that offers glorious 360-degree views of the Firth of Forth, with the Fife coastline in front and the Forth Bridges and the City of Edinburgh on either side.
This is a tourist attraction that’s less ‘tourist’ and more ‘local’, mainly because it only seems to be known about by the people who live in the area, but if you’re planning to visit Edinburgh I really think you should do yourself a favour and add Cramond Island to your itinerary.
This part of the Firth of Forth seems to be a bit of an afterthought with Scotland’s visitors which is a real shame as it has so much to offer, especially when it’s so close to the capital city (the centre of Edinburgh is just 7 miles away) but you can easily solve this by catching a bus (look for Lothian Buses routes 41, 32 and 36).
The island offers a short walk but it’s one that’s very popular with families when the tide is out, especially when combined with a stroll along Silverknowes beach.
It’s this ability to easily escape from the city that makes Cramond Island so popular with locals – and also why it gets incredibly busy at the weekend in summer.
But if you can get out there mid-week I guarantee you’ll have an enjoyable time. Just make sure you check the tide times that are posted outside the causeway entrance before you depart. When the tide returns the causeway is completely submerged so you’ll have trouble getting back to the mainland if you leave it too late.
If you’d like to find more places to visit in Edinburgh take a look at my Scottish Tourist Attractions Map.
Things to do at Cramond Island
If you choose to drive there instead of taking the bus you’ll find that parking in Cramond village can be a bit hit-or-miss depending on the weather, so if it’s a sunny weekend be prepared to park a fair distance away and walk down to the coastline.
The facilities in Cramond are decent as it has a café and a pub and you’ll usually find a van selling ice cream which goes down well while you’re strolling along the Silverknowes walkway. There’s also a public toilet near the causeway entrance and a car park around the corner.
There are lots of walks leading out of Cramond along the River Almond so if you’re unable to get onto the island due to the tides I highly recommend you follow the riverside path instead.
It’s a lovely alternative but can be a bit meandering so to prevent yourself getting lost you should consider getting an OS map that covers the area. Buy OS Explorer Maps direct from Ordnance Survey.
The island is only a third of a mile across but the walk there and through it is particularly beautiful on a sunny day.
The crossing to Cramond Island allows you to view lots of rock pools left behind by the departing tide and children will love going on the hunt for the crabs and small fish that get caught in them.
The causeway only takes around ten minutes to cross at which point you’ll find yourself on a shingle beach with a small hill that was once home to a WWII lookout post. Climbing up there provides stunning views across the Forth and it’s a good photo opportunity before heading out to explore the rest of the area.
A word of caution here though – people obviously get caught short on the island and decide to use the bunkers as impromptu toilets so they stink to high heaven when it’s warm. If you go inside stick a peg on your nose and watch what you step on…
The highest point of Cramond Island lies 68 feet above sea level and it’s a good vantage point to look over to nearby Granton and Leith, with North Queensferry and the famous Forth Road Bridge clearly visible to the west.
To the north, you can view the coast of Fife as well as the other small islands that are dotted around the estuary.
The island is uninhabited apart from several species of seabirds that live on the Forth (sometimes gannets, always seagulls) and the small areas of woodland and wild grasses are home to many insect species.
Although there aren’t any designated picnic areas on the island the north side is especially quiet and is perfect for an afternoon break away from the hustle and bustle of Edinburgh.
Please note that there are no rubbish bins on the island so you’ll have to take the remains of your picnic home with you.
One word of warning though. The WWII bunkers on the north side of the island are littered with broken bottles so I would definitely keep dogs and small children out of them.
I can’t really talk about Cramond Island without mentioning the nearby beach as it’s one of the nicest outdoor spaces in Edinburgh.
The beach is just 5 miles from the city centre on the estuary of the River Almond and while it doesn’t look like much when the tide is in, when it goes out you’ll realise just how big it is.
There’s a large car park just above walkway at the Cramond end which has toilets nearby along with a nice wee pub, and there’s usually an ice cream van nearby if you want a choc-ice or two.
Note that while the walkway offers good views across the Firth of Forth it often gets quite busy with cyclists and scooters so it’s advisable to keep dogs on a lead.
Another point to note is that because the beach gets completely submerged the sand is wet a lot of the time so there’s every possibility Fido is going to come back caked in it. Plastic seat covers are very handy in this instance (click here to buy a set from Amazon).
Discover more attractions in the city with my Edinburgh articles.
The history of Cramond Island
The island was mainly used for farming throughout its history and it’s suspected that the Romans made extensive use of the site for cattle grazing as their remains have been found all around the area near Cramond village.
At the north-west corner of the island you’ll find a medieval jetty made from local stone, while the centre hides a small stone-built farmstead which is believed to have been built in the 18th-century.
The island was fortified for use as a lookout post and a gun emplacement during the second world war and the remains of these military buildings are still standing today.
During the war, a garrison of soldiers were stationed on Cramond Island to protect central Scotland from invaders crossing up the Firth of Forth, and the remains of barrack buildings can still be seen in the undergrowth.
Likewise, the causeway to the island was built during WWII as an anti-tank blockade. Makes a nice footpath these days though.
- Cramond Island is a very attractive natural attraction close to Edinburgh that doesn’t feel like you’re near the capital city. That’s perhaps why it’s so popular with locals.
- There are loads of places to explore on Cramond Island as well as the surrounding area, including the walkway along Edinburgh beach and the footpath that follows the River Almond.
- All ages can enjoy Cramond Island but young children will especially like exploring the rock pools on the causeway.
- Some of the old WWII bunkers are full of broken glass so keep children and animals out of there.
- Keep an eye on the tide times so you don’t get stranded and have to call the rescue services. There’s an information board with tide times at the start of the causeway in Cramond.
- Another island in the Forth of Forth that’s worth visiting is Inchcolm Island, although you’ll have to book a ferry from South Queensferry to get there.
Cramond Island is located five miles north-west of Edinburgh city centre.
Cramond is accessible on the 41 bus from Edinburgh city centre (George Street or Queensferry Road).
Photo gallery and video
Things to do near Cramond Island
- Dalmeny House. South Queensferry EH30 9TQ. 14-minute drive. A Gothic country mansion built in 1817 that is home to the Earls of Rosebery. The house is open to the public for guided tours in summer only.
- Lauriston Castle. 2 Cramond Rd S, Edinburgh EH4 6AD. 6-minute drive. A 16th-century castle in the style of a Georgian manor house. The castle overlooks the Firth of Forth and features expansive grounds with a woodland walk and a Japanese garden.
- Silverknowes Beach. Edinburgh EH4 5ER. 1-minute walk. A large shingle and sand beach that is famed for its views across the Firth of Forth and Cramond Island. There is a large car park and a wide causeway next to the Gipsy Brae recreation ground.
- River Almond Walkway. Caddell’s Row, Cramond, Edinburgh EH4 6HY. 11-minute walk. This picturesque footpath follows the River Almond from Cramond to the outskirts of Edinburgh Airport. The walkway is suitable for cyclists and walkers.
- Forth Bridges Viewpoint. 9XY, South Queensferry. 10-minute drive. The Forth Rail Bridge is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is best seen from this viewpoint at the Forth Bridge operations centre. From the car park it is possible to walk onto the footpath that runs along the Forth Road Bridge.
More places to visit in Edinburgh
- The Balmoral Hotel – Edinburgh: Complete Visitor GuideThe Balmoral Hotel is a historic building situated in the heart of Princes Street in Edinburgh, Scotland. The luxury hotel is located next to Waverley train station and was built in 1902 by the North British Railway Company. Today, it is a popular landmark that attracts visitors to its superb restaurants and bars.
- Real Mary King’s Close – Edinburgh: Complete Visitor GuideThe Real Mary King’s Close is a tourist attraction located in the middle of Edinburgh’s historic Royal Mile. The attraction allows visitors to step beneath the streets of Edinburgh into an underground labyrinth where the stories of the city’s past residents unfold through a series of exhibits and displays.
- St. Giles Cathedral – Edinburgh: Complete Visitor GuideSt. Giles Cathedral has been a focal point for religious activity in Edinburgh for over 900 years, although the present structure that we see today can trace its roots back to the 14th century. Due to its central location on The Royal Mile, St. Giles has become a popular tourist attraction and is an ideal stop-off point between excursions to the palace and the castle.
- The Grassmarket – Edinburgh: Complete Visitor GuideEdinburgh’s Grassmarket is a bustling square in the heart of the city’s Old Town. This historic site is surrounded by classic tenement buildings that line the roads along the iconic West Bow and Victoria Street but it’s best known for the lively pubs and restaurants that offer superb outside seating areas. The Grassmarket is one of the oldest parts of Edinburgh and it was originally used as a marketplace for horses and cattle.
- Leith – Edinburgh: Complete Visitor GuideLeith is a historic district of Edinburgh that centres around the Water of Leith, Leith harbour, and the restaurant-packed Shore. The district has a rich maritime history but it is now a popular tourist destination thanks to its combination of trendy bars, award winning restaurants, superb shopping areas and attractions including the Royal Yacht Britannia.