By Craig Neil
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Table of Contents
- About Central Scotland
- Map of places to visit in Central Scotland
- Best Places to Visit in Central Scotland
- Top attractions in Central Scotland
- Frequently Asked Questions
- More sightseeing ideas articles
The central belt of Scotland lies between the Scottish Borders and the Highlands where it combines the best of both regions in a stunning collection of mountains, lochs, and forests.
As the region with the highest population density in Scotland, it’s not surprising that it’s packed with tourist attractions and visitors will find themselves spoilt for choice for things to do, whether it’s walking through the forests of Perthshire or exploring historic sites like Stirling Castle.
Discover the best places to visit in Central Scotland in this article, along with an overview of each one and 360° photographs that put you in the centre of each location.
About Central Scotland
Central Scotland is one of the top tourist destinations in Britain thanks to the cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow which are home to a variety of top-rated attractions.
But there’s much more to the region than its cities and you don’t have to travel far to find yourself in the heart of one of the most scenic – and underrated – parts of the country.
It’s understandable that so many visitors choose to spend their Scottish holidays in Edinburgh and Glasgow as those are the places most heavily advertised – but that also means the rest of Central Scotland is blissfully free of bus-loads of camera-wielding tourists.
If you really want to escape the hustle and bustle of modern life there’s perhaps no better place to visit than Central Scotland, whether it’s in Perthshire’s ‘big tree country’, the historic castles of Stirlingshire, or the pretty countryside of Fife.
The majority of Central Scotland lies just outside of the Highland Boundary Fault so it’s relatively flat with great swathes of land that are perfect for farming – hence the reason why the region is often called ‘Scotland’s larder’.
It’s also full of historic villages and some, like Culross, have been frozen in time and are almost completely unchanged from their heydays in the 1700s.
There are hundreds of outstanding attractions to visit in Central Scotland and it would be next to impossible to cover them all in one article, so instead I’ll offer a selection of my personal favourites that I’ve photographed in 360°.
Map of places to visit in Central Scotland
- Aberdour Castle
- Blackness Castle
- Blair Drummond Safari Park
- Hermitage Forest
- Linlithgow Palace
- Loch Leven
- McManus Museum
- Stirling Castle
- V&A Dundee (Location same as #8)
Best Places to Visit in Central Scotland
If you’re looking for historic castles in Scotland, this beauty in the village of Aberdour in Fife should be right at the top of your list.
While Edinburgh and Stirling castles get all the attention for their size, Aberdour remains relatively unknown even though it’s one of the oldest standing castles in Scotland.
It’s split into two halves with a ruined original section that’s almost a thousand years old and a much newer townhouse that’s a mere five hundred years old.
The reason it has this Jekyll and Hyde appearance is that the oldest part of the castle was ravaged by fire in the 1600s but it was never repaired after the Douglas family (the owners) fell into financial ruin in the 1700s.
What’s left is a partially restored castle that’s managed by Historic Environment Scotland and they’ve done a first-class job of bringing it back to life as a faithful recreation of how it would have looked when the Douglas family were at the height of their power.
There are a few points of interest to look for when you visit, including the family church to the rear of the main gardens and an unusual tiered lawn that contains one of the largest dovecot’s (a type of pigeon coop) in Scotland.
After you’ve visited Aberdour Castle you can take a drive to explore Dunfermline Abbey, or go for a walk on one of the many Fife coastal footpaths (Silver Sands beach is a good starting point).
If you don’t already know, the Firth of Forth is a large sea inlet that stretches between Edinburgh at its mouth to Kincardine 30 miles north-west, before it narrows into the River Forth.
The area west of Edinburgh isn’t exactly a hotbed of tourist attractions but there are a few places worth visiting, one of which is Blackness Castle.
Known locally as ‘the ship that never sailed’, Blackness Castle sits on a promontory that overlooks the Firth of Forth and the reason it gained its nickname is because the front of it is pointed like the bow of a ship.
For a building that’s over 600 years old, this is one fortress that’s in remarkably good condition and it’s one of the few castles of its age in Britain that saw active service during WWII when the British Army was stationed there.
Today, visitors can explore the castle and its gargantuan outer walls as well as the interior of the tower house, although the old officer’s quarters and the soldier’s barracks are sadly closed to the public.
Of particular interest is the castle courtyard that was used in scenes of the TV series Outlander, and the exceptionally long quay that was used for loading munitions in the 1800s.
This is a genuinely interesting historic site and coupled with the numerous walks you’ll find along the coastline and the birdwatching opportunities on the mudflats it’s certainly worth visiting if you’re looking for something to do outside of Edinburgh.
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Blair Drummond Safari park is one of Scotland’s most-visited tourist attractions. The park covers more than 120 acres and visitors can enjoy animal pens, play parks and fun fair rides as well as the drive-through safari that winds its way through the various animal reserves.
While the other attractions are good, the highlight has to be the safari where you enter an African reserve, a lion reserve, a monkey jungle and an Asian reserve, each of which is big enough to give the animals lots of room to roam but not so big you can’t see them.
When you finish the safari and enter the main section of the park you’ll find it’s a mix of traditional zoo and theme park, so if you’ve got bored kids it’s possibly the best place in Scotland to keep them entertained.
Enclosures inside the park include Lemur Land where you can walk amongst lemurs (obviously), a boat safari where you can sail your way around an island of chimpanzees, and a bird of prey centre that stages flying displays.
There are also elephant, rhino and giraffe enclosures, a giant wooden fort, dodgems and mini-roller coaster rides, a carousel, and if you’re feeling hungry you can either take your own food to the picnic and BBQ areas or grab a bite to eat in the restaurant.
The only downside to Blair Drummond Safari Park being so good is that it gets very busy at the weekend, so unless you’ve got limitless levels of patience you might consider reserving your visit for midweek instead.
I have to say I love visiting Culross as it has an atmosphere like no other place in Scotland.
The village is situated on the northern bank of the Firth of Forth, ten miles west of Dunfermline where it has remained almost entirely unaltered since the height of its wealth in the 1700s.
When you visit Culross you’ll notice it has a long pier which is your first clue why the village became so prosperous.
Back in the day, vast quantities of coal and salt were mined locally and Culross became one of the main transport hubs which very quickly brought in lots of money for the entrepreneurs who seized on the trading opportunities.
Much of this wealth stayed in the village as the entrepreneurs built their homes close to their businesses, a good example of which can be seen at Culross Palace which is now managed by the National Trust for Scotland.
The palace (nothing to do with royalty) was built by Sir George Bruce who owned many of the mines in the area, and even though it’s over 300 years old it has been almost entirely restored to how it would have looked in its prime.
Visiting Culross really is like stepping into a time machine with its immaculate 18th-century terraced houses, cobbled streets, grand central townhouse and atmospheric village square. In fact, it’s so unchanged from the 1700s that it was used extensively as a filming location for Outlander.
The final attraction in this lovely wee village is the 13th-century abbey which was built in dedication to St. Mungo who went on to establish Glasgow.
The ruins of the abbey and the church behind it are both open to the public with no entry fee, so if you have any interest in Scotland’s history you should definitely take a look while exploring Culross.
Perthshire is best known as ‘big tree country’ as this corner of Scotland is home to the few remaining ancient forests that once covered the Lowlands.
Even though most of the trees were cut down in Victorian times, a major replanting initiative means there are now more than 200,000 acres of forest in Perthshire.
You’re spoilt for choice when it comes to finding forest walks, but one particular favourite I have to recommend is the Hermitage Forest near Dunkeld.
This green oasis was originally managed as a leisure area for the Dukes of Atholl but it’s now managed by the National Trust for Scotland which has installed paths and bridges throughout the forest so that anyone can enjoy it, even if they’re mobility impaired.
When you arrive at the car park you’ll find a path that splits in two directions, so follow either as they both take you on the same route.
The Hermitage Forest footpath takes you through thick mixed woodland and up into a wooded hillside that presents fantastic views of the River Braan thundering its way downstream, interspersed with tumbling waterfalls and rapids that are filled with salmon in spawning season.
There are even a few surprises in store, including a Victorian viewing platform that looks over the Black Linn waterfall, and a path leading to another viewing platform that looks like a giant pine cone.
As with most National Trust for Scotland sites there’s a fee to use the car park, but you can get unlimited free parking at all NTS sites by becoming a member – follow this affiliate link to the NTS website for further information on how to join.
The two most famous Scottish castles are located in the cities of Stirling and Edinburgh, both of which were used as royal palaces.
For hundreds of years royalty frequently travelled between them, but in the days before cars existed what is now a journey of an hour would have taken several days. It’s for this reason there’s another royal residence in the middle of the route – Linlithgow Palace.
This enormous slab-sided fortress in West Lothian must have been a stunning place back in the day and its significance in the nation’s history led to it being partially restored by Historic Environment Scotland which now manages it as a tourist attraction.
Other than its use as a royal stopover, Linlithgow Palace was the birthplace of Mary Queen of Scots and it has a fascinating history – as you’ll discover while reading the information boards as you make your way around the site.
As a top-tip, head to the tower on the far left corner of the palace as you walk in and climb the stairs to the roof where you’ll get a superb view of the palace courtyard. From there you can see the park that lies behind the palace as well as the loch which has a two-mile footpath running around it.
It won’t take you long to explore the palace in its entirety (plan for maybe an hour) but the trail around the loch is worth following if it’s a sunny day, after which you can take the short walk into Linlithgow where you’ll find lots of traditional shops and cafés on the high street.
Many of the largest lochs in Scotland are located west of the Highland Boundary Fault, but that doesn’t mean there aren’t any worth visiting in the Lowlands.
Loch Leven is one example of a Lowland loch that rivals any other in the Highlands thanks to the superb thirteen-mile nature trail that circles it.
The loch is located between Perth and Dunfermline, close to the Lomond Hills Regional Park.
If you’ve ever driven down the M90 on your way to or from Edinburgh you might have glimpsed it through the trees, but if that’s all you’ve seen I suggest you take a detour the next time you’re on that stretch of motorway.
There’s a visitor centre at the RSPB Vane Farm building on the B9097 and another at the edge of Kinross, and both have excellent visitor facilities.
At the Vane Farm entrance you can take the underpass to get straight onto the nature trail, and there’s also a café and an RSPB shop.
The entrance at Kinross has a much larger car park and it’s the departure point to take boat trips out to see Lochleven Castle, but it’s quite a bit busier so I suggest parking at Vane Farm and then walking or cycling around to the Kinross entrance.
By far the best way to see this expansive body of water and its flocks of resident wildfowl is by cycling as the nature trail passes through woodland, reed beds and fields, with rivers and wide stretches of grassland thrown in for good measure.
The trail is very well managed with wide, flat paths that are lightly gravelled in places so it’s ideal for trundling along with the kids in tow or perhaps pushing a buggy or a wheelchair.
Accessibility is one of the key features of Loch Leven and I have to say it’s one of the best easy-to-access attractions in Scotland.
If you enjoy watching birds you’ll find a number of hides where you can watch them without disturbing them which is a great way to introduce children to Scotland’s wildlife.
If it’s your first time visiting I recommend heading to RSPB Vane Farm as they’ll be able to tell you all about the different bird species that live on the loch and you’ll even be able to rent a pair of binoculars for the day.
Failing that, take a look at my recommendations for bird-watching binoculars and buy a quality pair from Amazon before you visit.
Dundee is a bit of an underrated town, which is a shame as there are several great attractions that make it worth visiting. The two biggies are the V&A museum (which I cover below) and the McManus Museum, both of which are free to enter.
This museum was a real surprise when I first visited it, not only for the amazing collection of artefacts and displays but also for the building itself which is very elaborately decorated and looks a bit like a Gothic cathedral.
Inside there are collections from the fields of art, natural history, science, technology and industry, as well as a number of exhibits that tell the story of Dundee, its people, and the landscape it’s situated in.
Some of these displays are a real eye-opener. Did you know, for instance, that a lot of Dundee’s wealth stems from the whaling industry when Scotland was at the forefront of hunting whales?
Or that Dundee is home to Britain’s longest-running comic – The Beano – which saw its first edition published in 1938?
For me, the highlight of the McManus Museum is the Victoria Gallery which is similar to Edinburgh’s National Gallery but isn’t quite as stuffy, and I was also impressed by the Creative Learning Suite where the museum runs education workshops.
There’s easily a full afternoon’s-worth of things to look at inside the McManus Museum so it’s just as well they’ve managed to include a decent café in there as well as an above-average shop.
Stirling Castle sits just under Edinburgh Castle in terms of size but it more than makes up for it with the incredible views it offers from every balcony, plus it’s nowhere near as busy as Edinburgh Castle – something you’ll only appreciate if you’ve ever been to the capital at the weekend.
This grand fortress sits on top of Castle Hill on the edge of the city where it looks across the rolling Stirlingshire countryside that sweeps away to the horizon as far as the eye can see.
It’s an incredibly atmospheric place, not only for its location but also for its collection of restored buildings that date back to the earliest days of modern Scotland, with some parts dating back as far as the 12th century.
Unlike Edinburgh Castle, at Stirling there’s a large car park so you don’t have to walk far to the entrance, and it’s a wee bit cheaper too, though you could argue you’ll spend less time there compared to Scotland’s #1 tourist attraction.
From the castle esplanade, visitors make their way through the gates where they can either head to the ramparts to look across the city or wander around the lawns and the exhibitions that depict the castle’s fascinating history.
Once inside the main courtyard there are a couple of museums to look at as well as the restored royal accommodation, the palace vaults, the Queen Anne gardens, and the Great Hall.
The other highlight of Stirling Castle is the Royal Place where Mary Queen of Scots spent most of her childhood.
Costumed guides take you back in time to retell the conspiracies and gossip that surrounded the royal court, as well as the tales of the many ghosts that supposedly still haunt the palace to this day.
If you have any interest in history and castles, Stirling Castle is an absolute must-do.
As I mentioned earlier, along with the McManus, Dundee’s V&A design museum is one of the city’s top attractions.
To look at it from the outside you might think it’s some kind of high-tech industrial complex with its ultra-futuristic design, but stepping through the doors takes you into the main hall where the building’s purpose becomes immediately clear.
The V&A is the main gallery in Scotland that’s solely dedicated to the world of design, whether it’s for clothes, kitchen utensils, cars, or anything else that’s man-made.
Every facet of design comes to life at the V&A and it’s as much an education as it is a fun day out, which makes it a great place to take the kids for next to no cost.
The main hall contains a café and a gift shop while the upstairs area is home to permanent and temporary exhibitions, the first of which is free to enter while the second has a fee to get in.
The permanent exhibition has enough displays to keep visitors occupied for around an hour and if you’ve got children in tow you’ll be pleased to know there’s a play area outside where they can entertain themselves with an assortment of design-themed toys.
The temporary exhibitions constantly rotate so it’s worth checking the V&A Dundee website to see what’s on before leaving home, but if they’re anywhere near as good as the art and design exhibition that was on when I last visited you’ll find it’s well worth the price of admittance.
Top attractions in Central Scotland
Frequently Asked Questions
Where is Central Scotland?
Central Scotland is the entire belt between the Borders and the Highlands that covers the area between Glasgow and Edinburgh, north to Stirlingshire and east to Angus.
The main cities in Central Scotland are: Edinburgh, Glasgow, Perth, Dundee, and Stirling.
Towns in central Scotland include Falkirk, Dunfermline, Linlithgow, Paisley, and Bo’ness.
Which counties are in Central Scotland?
The counties of Central Scotland are: Clydeside (including the City of Glasgow), the Lothians (including the City of Edinburgh and East, West and Midlothian), Stirlingshire, Perthshire, Clackmannanshire, and South Angus.
What are the top attractions in Central Scotland?
Top attractions in Central Scotland (in no particular order) are: Aberdour Castle, Stirling Castle, Dunfermline Abbey, Blackness Castle, V&A Dundee, Castle Campbell, Culross, Falkirk Wheel, Inchmahome, Priory, Hermitage Forest, The Kelpies, Bracklinn Falls, Linlithgow Palace, Jupiter Artland, St. Andrews Cathedral, Loch Leven, Ben Lawers, Blair Castle, McManus Museum, Blair Drummond Safari Park, and the National Wallace Monument.
What is the weather like in Central Scotland?
The weather in Central Scotland is much the same between the west and the east coasts, although the west coast tends to have stronger winds that are brought in from the Atlantic Ocean.
In summer, expect high temperatures to average 19 °C and low temperatures to average 11 °C, with 40 mm of rainfall and average wind speeds of 8 mph (12.87 km/h).
In winter, expect high temperatures to average 7 °C and low temperatures to average 1 °C, with 75 mm of rainfall and average wind speeds of 11 mph (17.7 km/h).
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